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司法部負責人就加強行政裁決工作的意見答記者問

來源:秒速快3官网_秒速快三平台[首页最快线路√]



新華社北京6月2日電 近日,中共中央辦公廳、國務院辦公廳印發了《關于健全行政裁決制度加強行政裁決工作的意見》(以下簡稱《意見》)。司法部負責人就《意見》有關問題回答了記者的提問。

1.問:請簡要介紹一下中共中央辦公廳、國務院辦公廳發布這個《意見》的主要背景及意義?

答:秒速快3官网黨的十八大以來,以習近平同志為核心的黨中央對完善矛盾糾紛多元化解機制高度重視。黨的十八屆四中全會提出:“健全社會矛盾糾紛預防化解機制,完善調解、仲裁、行政裁決、行政復議、訴訟等有機銜接、相互協調的多元化糾紛解決機制”、“健全行政裁決制度,強化行政機關解決同行政管理活動密切相關的民事糾紛功能”。《法治政府秒速快3官網實施綱要(2015-2020年)》要求:“有關行政機關要依法開展行政調解、行政裁決工作,及時有效化解矛盾糾紛。”這一系列部署和要求為健全行政裁決制度、加強行政裁決工作提供了重要指引。

秒速快3官网2015nian2yue,yuanguowuyuanfazhibanqidongxingzhengcaijuegaigerenwutuijingongzuo。jingguoshenruyanjiulunzheng、guangfanzhengqiuzhongyangyouguandanweiyijigesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)zhengfuyijian、duocizhaokaibumenhezhuanjiacanjiadezuotanhui,qicaoxingcheng《yijian》songshengao。2018nian12yue31ri,zhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfale《yijian》。

秒速快3官网《yijian》defabushishi,shishenruguancheluoshiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangguanyuquanmiantuijinyifazhiguozhongdazhanlvebushudezhongyaojucuo,shituijinyifaxingzheng、miaosukuai3guanwangfazhizhengfudebiranyaoqiu,duichongfenfahuixingzhengcaijuezaihuajieshehuimaodunjiufen、weihushehuihexiewendingzhongdezhongyaozuoyong,wanshanyoujixianjie、xiediaoliandong、gaoxiaobianjiedemaodunjiufenduoyuanhuajiejizhi,qieshibaozhangrenminqunzhonghefaquanyi,jiakuaituijinfazhiguojia、fazhizhengfu、fazhishehuimiaosukuai3guanwang,juyouzhongyaoyiyi。

2.問:請介紹一下行政裁決的內涵,與仲裁、訴訟的關系,以及現階段加強行政裁決工作將發揮哪些不可替代的作用?

答:秒速快3官网行政裁決是行政機關根據當事人申請,根據法律法規授權,居中對與行政管理活動密切相關的民事糾紛進行裁處的行為。與社會熟知的民事仲裁、民事訴訟相比較,都是化解民事糾紛的方式,但行政裁決的特點在于:一是主體的行政性。裁決主體是法律法規授權的行政機關,不同于作出民事仲裁的民間仲裁機構和受理民事訴訟案件的法院。二是對象的特定性。裁決的受理范圍是與行政管理活動密切相關的民事糾紛,主要集中在自然資源權屬爭議、知識產權侵權糾紛和補償爭議、政府采購活動爭議等方面,合同糾紛等一般民事爭議不屬于行政裁決的受理范圍。三是行政裁決結果具有非終局性。當事人不服行政裁決的,可依法向法院提起訴訟,不同于民事仲裁的一裁終局、民事訴訟的兩審終審。

xingzhengjiguanzaijiejuetedingminshizhengyifangmianjuyouxiaolvgao、chengbendi、zhuanyexingqiang、chengxujianbiandengtedian。tebieshiyixiejiufenyuxingzhengguanlimiqiexiangguan,xuyaoshuxixingzhengguanliqieyouzhuanmenjishu、zhishiderenyuancainengjiejue,ruguozhijiesuzhufayuanbuliyujishiyouxiaodijiejuezheixiezhengyi。zaixianjieduanjiaqiangxingzhengcaijuegongzuoyouliyucuchengmaodunjiufendekuaisujiejue,fahuihuajieminshijiufende“fenliufa”zuoyong。

3.問:起草《意見》遵循了什么樣的總體思路?

答:《意見》起草突出了4個方面的考慮:

yishijianchiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao。jiangxingzhengcaijuezuoweishenruguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhongquanhuijingshen,shenrutuijinyifaxingzheng、weihurenminqunzhonghefaquanyidezhongyaofangshi,nulituidonggoujianyoujixianjie、xiediaoliandong、gaoxiaobianjiedemaodunjiufenduoyuanhuajiejizhi。

秒速快3官网ershijianchiwentidaoxiang。zhenduijinnianlaixingzhengcaijueshiyongqingxingyousuojianshao、zairenminqunzhongzhongderenzhiduzhujianjiangdi、huajieminshijiufen“fenliufa”dezuoyongmeiyoudedaochongfenfahuideqingkuang,miaosukuai3guanwangjinmijieheshijianyanjiuxingzhengcaijuezhidudefazhanbianqian,fenxizhiyuexingzhengcaijuefahuizuoyongdezhuyaoyinsu,jiufanweibumingque、chengxubuguifan、zhidubujianquandengwentitichujiejuedesiluhefangan。

sanshijianchiguifanyinling。duiqicao、xiugaifalvfaguishijiaqiangxingzhengcaijuezhidumiaosukuai3guanwangtichuyaoqiu,shishituijinxingzhengcaijuetongyilifa,bingduizaixianxingfalvkuangjianeiruhejiaqiangxingzhengcaijuegongzuomingquefangxiang,zhubushixianxingzhengcaijuedezhuanyehua、guifanhua、zhiduhua。

sishijianchiwentuotuijin。tongguoduixingzhengjiguan、renminfayuan、renmindiaojiezuzhi、xingyediaojiezuzhi、lvshidengtichuyaoqiu,cushixingchengduofangliandongdegongzuoheli;gulixingzhengjiguanqieshichengdanxingzhengcaijuezhize,kaizhangaigeshidian;tuoshanchulixingzhengcaijueyuxingzhengdiaojie、minshisusongdeguanxi。

4.問:《意見》關于健全行政裁決制度、加強行政裁決工作的總體要求是什么?

答:《意見》提出了健全行政裁決制度、加強行政裁決工作的指導思想、基本原則、主要目標。

yishizhidaosixiang。《yijian》tichuyaoyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,shenruguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhongquanhuijingshen,anzhaojianchiyifazhiguo、yifazhizheng、yifaxingzhenggongtongtuijin,jianchifazhiguojia、fazhizhengfu、fazhishehuiyitimiaosukuai3guanwangdeyaoqiu,jianlijianquantongguoxingzhengcaijuehuajiemaodunjiufendezhidu,zhubuxingchengdangweilingdao、zhengfufuze、gezhinengbumenweizhutidexingzhengcaijuegongzuotizhi,weicujinrenminanjuleye、shehuigongpingzhengyi、guojiazhangzhijiuantigongyoulibaozhang。

秒速快3官网ershijibenyuanze。《yijian》tichujianquanxingzhengcaijuezhidu、jiaqiangxingzhengcaijuegongzuo,bixujianchidangdelingdao、duofangcanyu,jianchiyirenweiben、gaoxiaobianmin,jianchiyifayigui、wentuotuijin,jianchilizuguoqing、gaigechuangxin。

秒速快3官网sanshizhuyaomubiao。《yijian》tichujianquanxingzhengcaijuezhidu、jiaqiangxingzhengcaijuegongzuodezhuyaomubiaoshi:xingzhengcaijuezhizededaoqieshilvxing,xingzhengcaijuegongzuojijituijin;xingzhengcaijuezhidubuduanjianquan,xingzhengcaijue、diaojie、zhongcai、xingzhengfuyi、susongdengyoujixianjie、xianghuxiediaodeduoyuanhuajiufenjiejuejizhichixuwanshan;xingzhengjiguanzaijiejueminshijiufenshangdezhongyaozuoyongdedaochongfenfahui,nenggoujishiyouxiaohuajiemaodunjiufen,baozhangrenminqunzhonghefaquanyi。

5.問:《意見》在推進行政裁決工作方面提出了哪些要求?

答:為了進一步推進行政裁決工作、充分發揮行政裁決工作的重要作用,《意見》提出了4項要求:

秒速快3官网yishijijilvxingcaijuezhize。xingzhengjiguankaizhanxingzhengcaijuegongzuoyaozunxunyifayiguiyuanze,jizhiyoufalvfaguishouquanxingzhengjiguankeyijinxingxingzhengcaijuede,xingzhengjiguancaiyouxingzhengcaijuedezhiquan,bingyaojiangxingzhengcaijueshixiangnaruquanliqingdanxiangshehuigongkai。yifachengdanxingzhengcaijuezhizedexingzhengjiguan,zaidangshirentichushenqinghou,yingdangqieshilvxingzhize,nulijiangminshijiufenhuajiezaixingzhengguanlihuodongzhong,juebuyunxufuyansaize、tuiweichepi,jianjuefangzhixingzhengbuzuowei、luanzuowei。

秒速快3官网ershizhelixihuachengxuguiding。falvfaguiguidingxingzhengcaijuezhizede,guowuyuanyouguanbumen、shengjizhengfuyingdangcanzhaominshisusongfa、xingzhengsusongfayijixiangguansifajieshideguiding,yiguizhangdexingshichutaijutichengxuxingguiding,zhubuwanshanfuhebenbumenbendiqushijidexingzhengcaijuechengxu。chengxuxingguidingyingdangbaokuoxingzhengcaijuedeshenqing、shouli、huibi、zhengju、diaojie、shenli、zhixing、qijianhesongdadengfangmiandeneirong,zunxunpingdeng、guifan、jianbian、gaoxiaodeyuanze,bianyudangshirenyifatichuxingzhengcaijueshenqing,baozhangdangshirenhefaquanyi。

sanshibuduanchuangxingongzuofangshi。yifachengdanxingzhengcaijuezhizedexingzhengjiguan,yaoyongyutansuo、dadanchuangxin,zhubutigaoxinshidaixingzhengcaijuegongzuodeshiyingxinghelinghuoxing。yaodalituiguangxiandaixinxijishuzaixingzhengcaijuegongzuozhongdeyunyong,jijituijinxingzhengcaijuezaixianlian、zaixianbanli、xinxigongxiang、shujufenxideng,nulishiyingrenminqunzhongbianjie、gaoxiaohuajiemaodunjiufendexuyao。

sishitansuokaizhangaigeshidian。duizhuanyexinghejishuxingjiaoqiang、yuxingzhengguanlihuodongmiqiexiangguan、youxingzhengjiguancaijuegengjianbiankuaijiedeminshijiufen,guowuyuanbumenjingguowuyuanshouquan、geshengjizhengfujiqibumenjingbenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuishouquan,keyizaigezixingzhengguanliquanxiannei,kaizhanxingzhengcaijuezhidushidian,jijitansuokefuzhiketuiguangdezuofahezhidu。

6.問:現有哪些法律法規,包括有代表性地方性法規對行政裁決作出了規范?

答:秒速快3官網國法律沒有對行政裁決作出統一規范,相關規定散見于多部法律法規中,比如土地管理法、森林法、草原法、礦產資源法等法律規定了土地、林地、草原、礦區等自然資源權屬民事糾紛的行政裁決事項,商標法、專利法、植物新品種保護條例、中藥品種保護條例、集成電路布圖設計保護條例等法律、行政法規對知識產權侵權糾紛和補償爭議的行政裁決事項作出了規定,政府采購法等法律對政府采購活動爭議的裁決處理作出了規定。此外,山東省多元化解糾紛促進條例等地方性法規也將行政裁決作為糾紛化解方式之一予以規范。針對近年來行政裁決存在范圍不明確、程序不規范、制度不健全等問題,下一步司法部將按照《意見》要求進一步推動行政裁決制度體系的完善。

7.問:《意見》在完善行政裁決制度體系方面提出了哪些措施?

答:為了切實推動行政裁決制度體系的不斷完善,《意見》提出了4項措施:

yishiyangeguifanzhidubiaoshu。qicao、xiugaifalvfaguishi,duixingzhengjiguantongguoxingzhengcaijuehuajieminshijiufenshixiangzuochuguidingde,yingdangmingqueshiyong“zuochuxingzhengcaijue”debiaoshu,bunengshiyong“zuochuchuli”、“zuochujueding”、“zuochucaiding”、“zuochucaichu”dengmohubiaoshu,yimianzaishijianzhongchanshengqiyihehunxiao。

秒速快3官网ershiwenbukuodashiyongfanwei。qicao、xiugaifalvfaguishi,duiyukeyitongguoxingzhengcaijuehuajiedeminshijiufen,qicaobumenyingdangrenzhenyanjiushedingxingzhengcaijuedebiyaoxing、kexingxing,jijijianlixingzhengcaijuezhidu;nishanchuyouguanxingzhengcaijueguidingde,yingdangjiaqiangxiangguanlunzhengheshencha。

秒速快3官网sanshirenzhenkaizhanguizhangqingli。gediqugebumenyaozhuajinqingliyouguanxingzhengcaijuedeguizhang,anzhaobenyijiandeyaoqiujianlijianquanpeitaozhidu,xihuaxiangguanguiding,jianshaomohudidai;duiyumeiyoufalvfaguiyijudexingzhengcaijueshixiang,yaojinkuaituidongshangshengweifalvfagui。sifabuyaojishigenzonglejiejinzhanqingkuang,yanjiujiejuegongxingwenti,jiaqiangzhidao。

sishishishituijinxingzhengcaijuetongyilifa。yifalvhuozhexingzhengfaguidexingshiduixingzhengcaijuezhidudeneihanwaiyan、shiyongfanwei、caijuechengxudengjinxingguifan。zhuzhongwanshanxingzhengcaijuejiujizhidu,zaixiugaixingzhengfuyifa、minshisusongfa、xingzhengsusongfashitongchoukaolv,nuligoujianjinengdiaodongxingzhengjiguanlvxingxingzhengcaijuezhizedejijixing、zhudongxing,younengchongfenbaozhangjiufendangshirenjiujiquanlidejizhizhidu。

8.問:《意見》在促進行政裁決與其他矛盾糾紛化解方式的銜接協調方面規定了哪些制度和機制?

答:為了促進行政裁決與訴訟、調解等其他矛盾糾紛化解方式的銜接協調,《意見》規定了4項制度和機制:

yishijianlixingzhengcaijuegaozhizhidu。duiyunenggoutongguoxingzhengcaijuejiejuejiufende,renminfayuanzaidengjilianqianyingdangxiangdangshirentigongtongguoxingzhengcaijuehuajiejiufendejianyi。renmindiaojieweiyuanhui、lvshi、jicengfalvmiaosukuai3guanwanggongzuozhedengcanyumaodunjiufenhuajieshi,yingdanggaozhixingzhengcaijuequdaogongdangshirenxuanze。

秒速快3官网ershijianquanxingzhengcaijuejiujichengxudexianjiejizhi。dangshirenbufuxingzhengjiguanduiminshijiufenzuochudexingzhengcaijuede,zaifadingqixiannei,jikeyiyiminshizhengyideduifangdangshirenweibeigaotiqiminshisusong,yekeyiduixingzhengcaijuexingweitiqixingzhengsusong,bingshenqingfayuanyibingjiejuexiangguanminshizhengyi。falvlingyouguidingde,yizhaoqiguiding。

sanshijiaqiangxingzhengcaijuediaojiegongzuo。xingzhengjiguancaijueminshijiufenyingdangxianxingdiaojie,dangshirenjingdiaojiedachengxieyide,youxingzhengjiguanzhizuodiaojiexieyishu;diaojiebunengdachengxieyide,xingzhengjiguanyingdangjishizuochucaijue。

sishidajian“yizhanshi”jiufenjiejuemiaosukuai3guanwangpingtai。zaiziranziyuanquanshu、zhishichanquanqinquanhebuchang、zhengfucaigouhuodongdengxingzhengcaijuejiufenduofalingyu,xingzhengjiguan、renmindiaojiezuzhi、xingyediaojiezuzhi、lvshidiaojiezuzhidengkeyizhengheziyuan,tansuojianli“yizhanshi”jiufenjiejuemiaosukuai3guanwangpingtai,qieshijianqingrenminqunzhongzaiyifaweiquanzhongdefudan。

9.問:《意見》在做好組織保障工作方面提出了哪些工作要求?

答:秒速快3官网為了確保《意見》得到有效貫徹落實,《意見》提出了以下組織保障措施:

yishijiaqiangzuzhilingdao。difanggejidangweiyaochongfenfahuilingdaozuoyong,chengdanxingzhengcaijuezhizedexingzhengjiguanyaobajianquanxingzhengcaijuegongzuojizhizuoweituijinfazhizhengfumiaosukuai3guanwangdezhongyaozhuashou,narubendiqubenbumenfazhizhengfumiaosukuai3guanwangkaohepingjiatixi,bingjiangxingzhengcaijueshixiangnaruquanliqingdanxiangshehuigongbu。guowuyuangebumen、difanggejizhengfuzaibianzhinianduyusuanshi,yingdangkaolvxingzhengcaijuegongzuorenwuxuqiuhelianpaijingfei。

ershituijinduiwumiaosukuai3guanwang。sifabuyaojiaqiangduicongshixingzhengcaijuedexingzhengjiguangongzuorenyuandejiaoyupeixun。gediqugebumenyaotongguopeiqianggongzuoduiwu、fahuifalvguwenhegongzhilvshizuoyong、jianlizhuanjiakudengfangshi,jiaqiangxingzhengcaijuegongzuoduiwumiaosukuai3guanwang。

sanshiqianghuaxuanchuanyindao。chengdanxingzhengcaijuezhizedexingzhengjiguanyaojiangxingzhengcaijuegongzuonarubenbumenpufaguihua、niandupufajihuahepufazerenqingdan。yaozhuzhongyunyongzhengfuwangzhan、weibo、weixindengxinmeitixinjishu,dalixuanchuanxingzhengcaijuedeyoushitedian、gongzuochengxiaohedianxinganli,guliyindaorenminqunzhongtongguoxingzhengcaijuejiejueyouguanminshijiufen。

sishiyangeduculuoshi。gediqugebumenyingdangjieheshijiqingkuang,renzhenguancheluoshibenyijianyaoqiu。shangjixingzhengjiguanyaojiaqiangduixiajixingzhengjiguanxingzhengcaijuegongzuodeducu、jianchahezhidao。sifabuyaojiaqiangduixingzhengcaijuegongzuodezonghexiediaoheduculuoshi,shishizuzhiduibenyijianshishiqingkuangjinxingpinggu,jishifaxianwentibingtichujianyi。



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